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标准海事通信用语

发布时间:2010-09-02 文章来源:承包商会
Hold                                                货舱
Superstructure                                 上层建筑
Accommodation                               舱室
Dangerous goods                             危险货物
Power supply                                   供电
I am not under command                  我船失控
I am making water                            我船漏水
I am sinking                                      我船正在下沉
Foam extinguishers                            泡沫灭火器
CO2 extinguishers                             二氧化碳灭火器
Fire pump                                         消防泵
Medical assistance                            医药援助
Fire fighting                                       消防,灭火
Fire fighting assistance                       消防援助
Flooding                                           进水
I have leak below water line              我船水线下有渗漏
I have dangerous list                         我有危险横顷
I am in critical condition                    我处在危急状况中
I require escort                                 我需要护航
I have collided with                       我与 …… 发生碰撞
Unknown vessel/object                    不明船舶物体
Seamark                                          海上标志
Iceberg                                            冰上
I have minor/major damage above/below water line 水线以上/下有小/较大损坏
Propeller/rudder damaged                推进器/舵损坏
Grounding                                        搁浅
On rocky/soft bottom                       在岩石/软质海底上
Jettison cargo                                   抛弃货物
To refloat                                         重新浮起
List, danger of capsizing                   横顷,倾覆危险
I am in danger of capsizing               我船有倾覆危险
Sinking                                            沉船
Disabled and adrift                          丧失航行能力和漂流
I am adrift near position               我船在……漂流
Armed attack/piracy                        武装袭击/海盗抢劫
I am under attack of pirates             我船被海盗袭击
Pirate                                              海盗
Undesignated distress                      未指明的遇险
I have problems with                   我的 ……有问题
I have problems with mass disease   我船发生集体患病
Abandoning vessel                           弃船
Engine and equipment                      机器和设备
Dangerous substance of IMO-Class       IMO 危规第……类危险品
Barrel                                              琵琶桶
Drum                                              
Oil clearance assistance                    除油援助
Ice damage                                      冰损
Wind direction and force                  风向和风力
Wind is backing/veering                   风向逆转和顺转
Latest tropical storm warming          最新大风警报
Force Beaufort                                蒲福氏风级
Hurricane                                        飓风
Tropical cyclone                              热带气旋
Tornado                                         旋风
Willy-willy                                      威利-威利
Typhoon                                        台风
Barometric change                          气压变化
Position, path and speed of advance of tropical storm 热带风暴的位置,路径和移动速度
Within radius of mails of center    距离风暴中心半径为 ……的范围内
Safe/dangerous semicircle                安全/危险半圆
Sea state                                         海况
Sea/swell                                        /
Tsunami/abnormal wave                  海啸/异常浪
Restricted visibility due to mist/fog, precipitation  由于雾,降水能见度受限制
Due to mist/fog, precipitation           由于雾和降水
Ice expected to break up/to open    冰预计会破碎/解冻
To drift away                                  漂离
To freeze together                           冻结
Floating ice                                     浮冰
Pack ice                                         浮冰群
Iceberg                                          冰山
Volcanic activities                          火山活动
Earthquake                                    地震
Seaquake                                      海底地震
Abnormal tides                              异常潮流
Charted depth of water                  海图上标示的水深
Navigational warming                     航行警告
Defect                                           缺陷
Unlit                                             熄灭的,未点亮的
Off station                                    移位
Inoperative                                  不起作用
Alterative                                     变更
New and moved                          新设和移动
Super buoy                                  大型浮标
Hazardous mine                           危险水雷
Unlit derelict vessel                      无灯的遗弃船
Off air                                         停止工作,关闭
Sea bottom characteristics, wrecks     海底特征,沉船
Reported                                     据报(当位置未经确定时使用)
Located                                       据测(当位置通过测量)
Uncharted reef/rock/shoal            海图上未标明的暗礁/礁石/浅滩
Dangerous wreck/obstruction       危险 沉船/碍航物
Cable, pipeline and seismic/hydrographic operations 电缆,管道和地震勘探/水文作业
Survey vessel                               测量船
Current meter                               测速仪
Hydrographic instrument               水纹仪表
Dredging operation                       疏浚作业
Off-shore installation                     近岸装置
Diving operations, tows                 潜水作业拖带
Tanker transshipment                    油船转船作业
Rig                                               钻井
Gunnery exercises                         射击演习
Rocked firing exercises                 火箭发射演习
Missile ordnance exercises            导弹发射演习
Torpedo ordnance exercises         鱼雷发射演习
Underwater ordnance exercises    水下武器演习
Mine cleaning operation                扫雷作业
Fishing gear                                  鱼具
Fishing gear fouled my propeller(s)            鱼具缠绞我的螺旋桨
Environmental protection communications      环境保护通信
Located oil spill in your wake                发现你船航迹中有溢油
I require floating booms/oil dispersants         我需要围油拦/驱油剂
Locates vessel incinerating/dumping chemicals/waste in position 发现船舶在……处焚烧/倾倒化学品/垃圾
Pilotage                                        引航
I am holder of pilotage exemption Certificate    我有引航免除证书
Pilotage is compulsory                  引航是强制的
Suspend/resum                            暂停/恢复
Rig accommodation ladder in combination with pilot ladder 安放与引航员梯合用的舷梯
Pilot ladder has broken steps/loose steps/broken spreaders too short   引航员梯有损坏的梯板/松动的梯板/损坏的加长梯板/加长梯板太短
Propulsion system                         推进系统
Engine is diesel/turbine                  主机是内燃机/透平机
Is engine-room manned or is engine on bridge control机舱设备是由人工操纵还是驾驶台遥控?
Is extra power available in emergency           紧急时,有额外功率可用吗?
Controllable/fixed pitch propeller     可变螺距/固定螺距螺旋桨
Right-hand/left-hand propeller          右旋/左旋螺旋桨
Single propeller/twin propellers        单螺旋桨/双螺旋桨
Bow thruster/stern thruster               首侧推器/尾侧推器
Turn inward/outward                        内旋/外旋
Maximum maneuvering power/revolutions       最大操纵功率/转数
Helicopter and Ice-breaker operation Phrases      直升机和破冰船作业用语
I require helicopter to pick up persons            我需要直升机进行人员救助
Are you ready for helicopter?                   你准备好接应直升机吗?
Make identification signals                     请发识别信号
Making identification signals by smoke (buoy) /searchlight/flags/signaling lamp正在用烟雾(浮标)/探照灯/旗号/信号灯作为识别信号
Relative wind direction                        相对风向
Keep wind on starboard/port bow/quarter          保持右/左前/后舷迎风
Indicate landing area/pick-up area               指示降落区/起吊区
I will use hoist/rescue sling/rescue net/rescue litter/rescue seat/double lift我将使用吊索/救生索/救生网/救生担架/救生椅/救生双吊索
Ice-breaker operations                         破冰船作业
Keep lookout for sound and visual signals.         注意声号和视觉信号
Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) Standard Phrases      交管系统标准用语
Name, call sign /identification                   船名,呼号/识别
Flag state                                   船旗国
Last port of call                              上一个挂靠港
Deficiencies/restrictions                       缺陷/限制
Be trimmed by the head/the stern                首倾/尾倾
Be on even keel                              平吃水
Information Service (These phrases are normally transmitted from the shore)信息服务(这些用语通常右岸上发出)
Unlit derelict vessel                           未点灯的被废弃船
Hazardous mine                              危险水雷
Oil slick                                    浮油
Hampered vessel                             碍航船
Shore based radar assistance                    岸基雷达帮助
Cross-bearing                               交叉方位
Astronomical observation                      天文观测
Range scale                                (雷达)距离量程
Starboard/port limit of fairway                  航道右/左界限
Way point                                  航路点
Is parallel with…                            …… 平行
Is diverging from/converging to                 偏离/靠拢 ……
Traffic lane                                 通航分道
Emergency anchorage                        应急锚地
To keep clear of…                           让请 ……
Reporting Point                             报告点
Tide with /against you                        /逆流
Enforcement                                强制执行
Comply with                               遵守……
International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 国际海上避碰规则
Navigation lights                           航行灯
Navigate with caution                       谨慎驾驶
Outbound/inbound vessel                     出口/进出船
Fog bank                                  雾障
Bridge defective                            桥损坏
An obscured area                           遮蔽区
Canal and lock operations                    运河和船闸作业
Close up on/drop back from              靠近 ……/ 离开 ……
Operative ship handing船舶操纵
Handover of watchkeeping responsibilities值班责任的交接
Briefing on position, movement and draft关于船舶位置,运动和吃水的概述
way point/reporting point航路点/报告点
movement运动
true course真航向
gyro compass course电罗经航向
magnetic compass course 磁罗经航向
gyro compass error电罗经差
magnetic compass error 磁罗经差
speed over ground对地速度
speed through water对水速度
set and drift流向和流速
making ...degrees leeway向下风……度
Draft吃水
draft forward/aft.../尾吃水……
underkeel clearance富余水深
Briefing on traffic situation in the area航行水域交通形势简述
Vessel is overtaking on port side 船舶在左舷
Vessel is passing on port side船舶从左舷横越
Vessel is on opposite course船舶对使
Vessel will give way船舶将让路
Vessel has given way船舶已让路
Vessel ahead is on same course前面的船是同航向
give way让路
stand on保持航向
CPA最小会遇距离
Briefing on navigational aids and equipment status关于助航设施和设备状况的简述
at...miles range scale使用……海里量程
relative head-up(雷达显示)相对首向上
relative course-up(雷达显示)相对航向向上
true-motion north-up(雷达显示)真运动北向上
true-motion course-up(雷达显示)真运动航向向上
blind sectors(雷达)盲区
echo sounder回声测深仪
manual steering人工操舵
automatic steering自动操舵
navigation light航行灯
Briefing on radio communications无线电通信简述
INMARSAT (International Maritime Satellite Organization)国际海事卫星组织
dual watch双频监视
DSC (Digital Selective Calling)数字选择性呼叫
DSC controller DSC控制器
NAVTEX (Navigation warning broadcasts by radio telex service)航行电传业务
flag state船旗国
call sign/identification呼号/识别信息
gross tonnage总吨
length overall总长
Briefing on meteorological conditions关于气象条件的简述
automatic fog signal自动雾号
sea state海况
Tsunami/abnormal wave海啸/异常浪
mist/dust薄雾/灰尘
atmospheric pressure气压
barometer气压计
Briefing on standing orders and bridge organization关于常规命令和驾驶台组织的简述
latest fire patrol最后一次消防巡逻
latest security patrol最后一次安全巡逻
everything in order一切正常
following stated...情况如下
following measures taken...采取如下措施
following requires attention...需要注意下列事项